You might not think a lot about how your air conditioner works, but it needs refrigerant to keep your house cold. This refrigerant is bound by environmental rules, since it contains chemicals.

Based on when your air conditioner was put in, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Front Royal, in addition to how these phaseouts impact you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It No Longer Being Made?

If your air conditioner was added before 2010, it likely contains Freon®. You can discover if your air conditioner contains it by reaching us at 540-636-3396. You can also examine the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is found outside your home. This sticker will include info on what type of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also referred to as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider this chemical to be bad for the earth’s ozone layer and one that contributes to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, barred its manufacture and import in January 2020.

I Use an Air Conditioner with R-22. Do I Need to Get a New One?

It varies. If your air conditioning is operating as designed, you can continue to use it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your AC to work around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy says that removing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling bills!

If you don’t install a new air conditioner, it can lead to difficulties if you have to have air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs could be pricier, as only small quantities of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.

With the end of R-22, many new air conditioners now rely on Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer in good shape. Since it calls for a different pressure level, it isn’t compatible with air conditioners that need R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to create global warming. As a consequence, it may also eventually be discontinued. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s expected sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?

In preparation of the discontinuation, some manufacturers have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming possibility—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also reduces energy use by about 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be passed on to you through your energy bills.

Dave's Diversified Services Can Provide Support with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In summary, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you greatly until you need repairs. But as we discussed previously, refrigerant repairs can be pricier due to the reduced levels on hand.

Aside from that, your air conditioner usually malfunctions at the worst time, typically on the warmest day when we’re getting a lot of other requests for AC repair.

If your air conditioner uses an outdated refrigerant or is getting old, we suggest installing a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a stress-free summer and can even decrease your electrical bills, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated system. Plus, Dave's Diversified Services provides many financing programs to make your new air conditioner fit your budget. Contact us at 540-636-3396 to start right away with a free estimate.